Explore The Mystical Beauty of Bagan in Myanmar

Bagan in central Myanmar was once a thriving Buddhist center. It is estimated that there were more than 10,000 temples, Buddhist monasterie...

Bagan in central Myanmar was once a thriving Buddhist center. It is estimated that there were more than 10,000 temples, Buddhist monasteries. Nowadays, it has become a holy site for pilgrims and favourite place for tourist in Myanmar.

Ancient Bagan capital was located on the banks of the Ayeyarwady River, now part of Myanmar's Mandalay City. From the 9th to 13th centuries, Bagan was the capital of the Pagan Kingdom, the political, economic and cultural center of the Pagan Empire.

During the peak development of the Pagan Kingdom from the 11th to the 13th centuries, the upper classes built thousands of temples and shrines on the Bagan. It is estimated that more than 10,000 temples, Buddhist temples and monasteries were present on this 100-square-kilometer area.

 Today, Bagan is located in central Myanmar. Many temples and pagodas have collapsed, leaving just over 2,200 remaining still intact today.

Bagan was a thriving center of Buddhism. Since the middle of the 9th century, under the reign of King Anawratha, who was the most eminent in Myanmar history, united the country’s territory, the king developed the Theravada Buddhist branch, which is the oldest surviving branch to nowadays.

For more than 250 years, the Pagan tried to develop Buddhism, so the Pagan people were devout Buddhists. Bagan capital of that time was very prosperous, continuously expanded and became a center of religious belief, a destination of scholars from Pagan and neighbouring countries.

 The monks and scholars from Sri Lanka, Cambodia, India… came to Bagan to learn about literature, languages, astrology, alchemy, medicine, law…

 The golden age of Bagan ended in 1287 when the Pagan kingdom was invaded and looted by the Mongolian army. The people here began to disperse and only a small group remained on their homeland.

Later, religious monuments continued to grow, but in relatively small numbers, only about 200 temples were built between the 15th and 20th centuries. However, Bagan was still the centre of pilgrimage of the Buddhists.

Nowadays, many of the temples here are unbearable for the time’s challenge and they are only ruins. As the number of temples is so large, only a few dozen prominent temples are regularly cared for.

In the 1990s, the Burmese government tried to renovate the collapsed buildings but it would be impossible to restore to the original design while using all modern building materials. This reconstruction immediately encountered reactions from historians and heritage conservationists around the world.



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Cambodia Travel Forum: Explore The Mystical Beauty of Bagan in Myanmar
Explore The Mystical Beauty of Bagan in Myanmar
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